Recently fentanyl has garnered an infamous reputation because it caused the death of a musical icon, Prince, due to an accidental drug overdose. Fentanyl is a narcotic painkiller that is synthetic and because it is synthetic it is much cheaper to manufacture and much more dangerous than some of its alternatives. This makes fentanyl one of the most dangerous drugs to abuse, especially by existing drug addicts because of their possible ignorance about the drug. About 50 times more potent than heroin it is extremely easy to over does on this drug, even cause lasting brain damage in the event that the abuser does not die.
Names of drugs that include fentanyl include:
Fentanyl is a powerful synthetic opioid. Like all opioids fentanyl binds to opioid receptors in the brain's reward center but also to other opioid receptors located in other areas of the brain. These areas of the brain also control things like breathing. So, while fentanyl does produce a potent high, it can also have horrible physiological effects, that can even lead to death.
Fentanyl addiction has become even more dangerous as of late because of those who do not categorize as a dangerous drug because it is a medically used drug. Those without prior experience with opioids are at higher risk to overdose and because fentanyl is so much more powerful the other opiates the flood of dopamine at first use can be too intense for many that they can no longer get the same high off less dangerous drugs.
Symptoms of addiction include:
The long-term effects of a fentanyl addiction include:
As with most drug withdrawals, the symptoms associated with withdrawal depend on the amount consumed and for how long. Fentanyl is not typically associated with fatal withdrawals if one were to go ‘cold turkey’, also known as without medicated assistance, however, due to the symptoms of opioid withdrawals it is an extremely difficult process to manage on one’s own.
Opioid withdrawal typically last a few days, but only subside after an entire week of detoxing. This can be an extremely challenging week for many that requires guidance or even medicated alleviation to ensure the process is easier and the client does not relapse.